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The Income Tax (Pay as You Earn) (Amendment) Regulations 2007

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The Income Tax (Pay as You Earn) (Amendment) Regulations 2007 List of acts
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Crown Copyright Acknowledged
CONTENTS

Statutory Instruments

2007 No. 1077

INCOME TAX

The Income Tax (Pay as You Earn) (Amendment) Regulations 2007

Made: 28th March 2007

Laid before the House of Commons: 29th March 2007

Coming into force: 6th April 2007

 

The Commissioners for Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs make the following Regulations in exercise of the powers conferred by sections 132 and 133 of the Finance Act 1999(1), sections 684 and 710 of the Income Tax (Earnings and Pensions) Act 2003(2), and sections 202 and 203 of the Finance Act 2003(3).

Citation and commencement

1.  These Regulations may be cited as the Income Tax (Pay as You Earn) (Amendment) Regulations 2007 and shall come into force on 6th April 2007.

Amendment of the Income Tax (Pay as You Earn) Regulations 2003

2.  The Income Tax (Pay as You Earn) Regulations 2003(4) shall be amended as follows.

3.  In regulation 2 (interpretation) at the appropriate points in the alphabetical list insert the following definitions—

““closed tax year” means any tax year preceding the current year, and cognate expressions shall be construed accordingly;”;

““HMRC” means Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs;”;

““qualifying payment” means a payment which becomes retrospective employment income as a relevant payment (including a notional payment);”;

““the relevant time”, in relation to retrospective employment income, has the meaning given by section 710(7) of ITEPA, as modified by subsection

7A) of that section, but subject to section 94(5)(c) of the Finance Act 2006;”;

““retrospective contributions regulations” has the meaning given by regulation 1(2) of the SSC Regulations;”;

““retrospective employment income” means payments which are retrospectively treated as payments of employment income by virtue of a retrospective tax provision;”;

““retrospective tax provision” means a provision of the Income Tax Acts charging to income tax amounts of employment income paid before the enactment containing the provision was passed;”;

““SSC Regulations” means the Social Security (Contributions) Regulations 2001(5);”.

4.  After regulation 36 insert—

“Income subject to retrospective tax provision — information to employee

36A.—(1) This regulation applies if—

(a) a payment is made to an employee;

(b) the employment in connection with which it was paid ceases;

(c) the payment becomes a qualifying payment after the cessation of the employment;

(d) the tax year in which the payment was actually made is not closed, and

(e) the amount of the qualifying payment was not included in Form P45.

(2) If this regulation applies the person who made the payment must provide to the employee, without unreasonable delay after the relevant time, details of—

(a) the date on which the qualifying payment was actually made;

(b) the amount of the qualifying payment; and

(c) the amount of tax deducted under regulation 62(4) or (5).”.

5.  In regulation 37 (PAYE income paid after employment ceased), after paragraph (1) insert—

“(1A) But this regulation does not apply if regulation 37A applies.”.

6.  After regulation 37 insert—

“Income paid after cessation of employment subsequently becoming subject to PAYE

37A.—(1) This regulation applies if—

(a) a payment has been made, after the cessation of the employment, to a former employee—

(i) by the former employer, or

(ii) by any other person in respect of an obligation of the former employer;

(b) that payment becomes a qualifying payment after the employment ceased; and

(c) the amount of the qualifying payment has not been included in Form P45.

(2) Where a qualifying payment has been made in a closed year, the employer must deduct tax, from any other payment made to the former employee in the tax period at the relevant time—

(a) in accordance with the last code used for the tax year in which the qualifying payment was made, or

(b) if the employer has not been notified of a code for that tax year, at the higher rate of tax applicable for that year.

(3) Where a qualifying payment has been made in an open year, the employer must deduct tax from any other payment made to the former employee—

(a) in accordance with the code in force in the final tax period in which the employee was employed, or

(b) if the employer has not been notified of a code, at the higher rate of tax applicable for that year.

(4) Neither the making of the qualifying payment, nor its subsequently becoming taxable, affect the cessation of the employment, and the provisions listed in regulation 37(4) do not apply in relation that payment.

(5) The employer must record the following information in a deductions working sheet for the tax year in which that payment was made.

If a deductions working sheet has not already been prepared for that tax year, the employer must prepare one.

(6) The information is—

(a) the date on which the qualifying payment was actually made;

(b) the amount of that payment; and

(c) the amount of tax to be deducted or accounted for under regulation 62(4) or(5) (notional payments).

(7) The employer must also notify the employee of the information listed in paragraph (6) without unreasonable delay after the relevant time.”.

7.  After regulation 50 insert—

“Procedure in cases of retrospective earnings: code treated as issued by HMRC

50A.—(1) If—

(a) as a result of a retrospective tax provision, a qualifying payment was made in a year (whether open or closed) to a person, and

(b) a code has never been issued to the employer in respect of employment with whom that qualifying payment was made,

paragraph (2) applies.

(2) Where this paragraph applies the higher rate code applicable to the year in which the qualifying payment was made is treated, for the purposes of Parts 2 to 4 (codes, deduction and repayment of tax, payments, information and returns) as having been issued by HMRC as the code for use in respect of the employee in relation to that year.

(3) Paragraph (2) does not apply for the purposes of regulation 18 (objections and appeals) and regulations 46 to 49 and 51 to 53 (Form P46 procedure and late presentation of Form P45).”.

8.—(1) Amend regulation 62 (deductions in respect of notional payments) as follows.

(2) In paragraph (1) after “notional payment” insert “(including a notional payment arising by virtue of a retrospective tax provision)”.

(3) In paragraph (2) for “the following regulations” substitute “the provisions listed in paragraph (3)”.

(4) In paragraph (3)—

(a) for the opening words substitute “The provisions are—”; and

(b) in the table, after the entry relating to regulation 37 insert—

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

       “paragraphs (2) and (3) of regulation 37A                   Income paid after cessation of employment becoming subject to PAYE.”

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9.—(1) Amend regulation 66 (deductions working sheets) as follows.

(2) After paragraph (4) insert—

“(4A) For the purposes of paragraphs (4)(a) and (6)(a), (b), (c), and (e)(i), a relevant payment—

(a) which comprises an amount of retrospective employment income, and

(b) which was actually paid during a tax year which is not closed,

shall be treated, for the purpose of computing the amount of tax to be deducted, as paid at the earlier of the relevant time and the end of the last tax period in which the former employee was employed .”.

(3) At the end of the regulation add—

“(9) Nothing in this regulation applies to a closed tax year (see regulation 66A).”.

10.  After regulation 66 insert—

“Deduction working sheets: retrospective employment income in closed tax year

66A.—(1) Paragraph (2) applies if—

(a) a code has been issued to an employer in respect of an employee for a tax year which has subsequently become a closed tax year (“the relevant tax year”); and

(b) after the end of that tax year a payment made during it to that employee becomes a qualifying payment.

(2) The employer must at the relevant time —

(a) in a case where there was a deductions working sheet for the employee for the relevant tax year, revise it to reflect the effect of the retrospective tax provision on the total PAYE income including the retrospective employment income for that year; and

(b) in a case where there was no deductions working sheet for the employee for the relevant year, produce one showing that effect on that income for that year.

(3) In a case falling within paragraph (2)(b) the employer must record in the deductions working sheet—

(a) the employee’s name,

(b) the employee’s national insurance number, if known,

(c) the employee’s final code for the relevant tax year, and

(d) details of the relevant tax year.

(4) The employer must record in the deductions working sheet in respect of every qualifying payment—

(a) the date on which the payment is made,

(b) the amount of the payment, and

(c) the amount of tax, if any, to be deducted or accounted for under regulation 62(4) or (5) (notional payments).

(5) Despite paragraph (4)(a), in completing the deductions working sheet, the amount of any retrospective employment income shall be treated, for the purpose of computing the amount of tax to be deducted, as if it were paid in the final tax period, in which the employee was employed, in the relevant tax year.”.

11.  After regulation 67 insert—

“Revised information to employees about payments and tax deducted (Form P 60)

67A.—(1) This regulation applies where—

(a) an enactment containing a retrospective tax provision applicable to a closed tax year is passed; and

(b) in consequence of the passing of that enactment an employee’s employment income in that closed tax year is increased.

(2) Before 1st January next following the passing of the enactment—

(a) if the employer has previously given the employee a certificate (Form P60), the employer must give the employee a revised certificate (Form P60); and

(b) if the employer has not previously given the employee such a certificate, the employer must give the employee a copy of the revised form P14 completed in accordance with regulation 73A (amended return of relevant payments (Forms P14 and P35(RL)) .

(3) Paragraphs (2) and (3) of regulation 67 apply, in a case falling within paragraph (2)(a), for the purposes of this regulation as they apply for the purposes of that regulation, save that—

(a) sub-paragraph (f) of paragraph (2) shall have effect as if for “the total amount” there were substituted “the revised total amount”; and

(b) sub-paragraph (g) of that paragraph shall have effect as if for “total net tax” there were substituted “the revised total amount of net tax”;

with references to revised amounts being construed as references to the amounts of relevant payments and net tax deducted computed after the application of the retrospective tax provision.

(4) Where a revised certificate is given under this regulation—

(a) the employer must endorse it to show that it supersedes an earlier certificate; and

(b) the employee must not use the certificate which it supersedes.”.

12.—(1) Amend regulation 68 (periodic payments to and recoveries from the Revenue) at the end as follows.

(2) In paragraph (4), in sub-paragraph (b) of the definition of A after “notional payments made” insert “or treated by virtue of a retrospective tax provision as made,”.

(3) At the end of the regulation add—

“(7) In the application of paragraph (4) to notional payments arising by reason of the coming into force of the Finance Act 2006, the reference to section 710(7A)(a) of ITEPA 2003 shall be modified as mentioned in section 94(5)(c) of the Finance Act 2006.”.

13.—(1) Amend regulation 69 (due date and receipts for payment of tax) as follows.

(2) In paragraph (3) for “the Social Security (Contributions) Regulations 2001” (6) substitute “the SSC Regulations”.

(3) At the end of the regulation add—

“(4) In paragraph (1) “the tax period”, in relation to an amount of retrospective employment income, means the tax period immediately following the relevant time.”.

14.—(1) Amend regulation 70 (quarterly tax periods)(7) as follows.

(2) After paragraph (1) insert—

“(1A) But this regulation does not apply, so that the tax period remains a month, in respect of amounts of retrospective employment income.”.

(3) In paragraph (3)—

(a) in the definition of “P”(8) after “regulation 68” insert “but disregarding any amount payable in respect of retrospective employment income”;

(b) in the definition of “N”(9) after sub-paragraph (a) insert—

“(aa) any amount payable under retrospective contributions regulations (see paragraph 1(2) of Schedule 4 to the SSC Regulations) in respect of retrospective earnings (within the meaning of those Regulations);”.

15.  After regulation 73 (annual returns of relevant payments liable to deduction of tax) insert—

“Amended returns of relevant payments and tax (Forms P14 and P35(RL))

73A.—(1) This regulation applies where, as a result of a retrospective tax provision, the total amount of the relevant payments made by an employer to employees increases for any closed tax year.

(2) Where this regulation applies, before 20th May following the end of the tax year in which the enactment containing the retrospective tax provision is passed, the employer must deliver to HMRC a return containing the following information.

(3) The information is—

(a) the tax year to which the return relates,

(b) the revised total amounts of the relevant payments made, or treated as made, during the tax year to all employees in respect of whom the employer was required, or has subsequently become required, to prepare or maintain deductions working sheets for any time during that year,

(c) the total net tax deducted in respect of those payments.

(4) The return must be supported by the same information in respect of each of the employees mentioned in paragraph (3)(b) as is required by regulation 73(3) to support a return under that regulation.

(5) The return must include—

(a) a statement and declaration containing a list of all deductions working sheets which the employer was required to prepare or maintain at any time during that year, and

(b) a certificate showing —

(i) the total original net tax deducted or repaid in the case of each employee,

(ii) the revised total net tax deducted or repaid in the case of each employee;

(iii) the total original net tax deducted or repaid in respect of all the employees,

(iv) the revised total net tax deducted or repaid in respect of all the employees, and

(v) the difference between the figures given in paragraphs (iii) and (iv) above.

(6) The statement and declaration and the certificate must be—

(a) signed by the employer, or

(b) if the employer is a body corporate, signed either by the secretary or by a director.

(7) Section 98A of TMA (special penalties in case of certain returns) applies to a return under paragraph (2).”.

 
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